Nakasongola District is mandated under the constitution of the republic of Uganda Article 176 (2e) to carry out planning functions which incorporates priorities of the LLGs. This five year development plan, therefore was developed using participatory planning with emphasis on the bottom–up planning approach.
The plan comprises of 6 chapters; chapter I provides the back ground about Nakasongola District, sector statistics, geological and land utilization coverages. It also looks at the SWOT and cross cutting analysis (about poverty, gender, HIV/AIDS and Environment) as well as planning issues. The mentoring issues and processes of developing this policy plan were captured in the chapter.
This is how the different departments/Sectors at the district are fairing as far as climate change mitigation/adaptation is concerned. below is how they are graded
Scoring 0=Not at all 1=Yes but not reflected in DDP 2=Yes & reflected in DDP
During the period 11th-20th June 2017, most parts of South Western, Lake Victoria Basin and Karamoja region experienced dry conditions. Moderate rainfall were received in West Nile region stretching to Albertine subregion. Light rains were experienced in the central Northern across to parts of Eastern and Mount Elgon region. The highest amount of rainfall recorded during this period was 131.2 mm at Masindi weather station in Masindi district followed by 125.3 mm at Shangli construction company weather station in Kibale district. During this period, lowest rainfall were reported in Southwestern and some areas in the Lake Victoria basin because several weather stations reported below 15.0 mm.
According to Nakasongola DDP (2015-2025), over 70% of household income is from agriculture and natural resources and the two sectors employ about 78% of the total population; with 80% food production for subsistence level
Nakasongola District has experienced strong impacts of climate change, reflected by prolonged dry spells, high temperatures and floods, whenever it rains, hence the need to pay attention to climate change related issues.
Climate change has stronger impacts on different sectors such as crop and livestock production, human health and infrastructure; which will deter development targets set in the district planning and hence the need for mainstreaming in all development sectors.
Dry conditions are expected to persist in Nakasongola and Sembabule Districts but with a likelihood of occasional rain. Overall the expected rainfall situation is summarised below:
The June, July and August forecast period is generally part of the dry season over most parts of south western, central, Lake Victoria basin and some parts of eastern region but a continuation of rainfall season for much of the northern Uganda. It generally marks the end of the first rainfall season for the southern sector of the country and is usually a harvest season for crops.
Following the conclusion of the 46th Climate Outlook Forum for the Greater Horn of Africa held in Khartoum, Republic of Sudan from 15th – 16th May 2017, the national, regional and international climate scientists reviewed the state of the global climate system and its implications on the seasonal rainfall over the East African region. It was observed that the major physical conditions likely to influence the weather conditions over Uganda and the rest of the east African region for the forecast period of June to August 2017 are as follows:
Nakasongola District has no known mineral resources discovered yet. However, of recent stone quarrying (stones and aggregates) for road and house construction has grown within Wabinyonyi Sub County.
Lake Kyoga provides the major fishery with a species diversity inclusive of Tilapia, Lates, Rastreneobola and Protopterus as the dorminant commercial species. Other natural water resources include R. Kafu, R. Lugogo and R. Sezibwa. Similarly there are a number of seasonal wetlands some of which tend to flood during rain seasons affecting the road infrastructure. Other water body related resources of papyrus and sand have continued to be harvested by the communities close to them. This at times has been done indiscriminately
A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources.